Osteoporosis is a disease that does not cause symptoms and complaints. So beware, know before it's too late.
When you hear the word Osteoporosis, most of you may think that it is a common bone disease struck at an advanced age. So, does this mean that your youth will be free from osteoporosis?
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease caused by bone has a low mass resulting in decreased quality of bone tissue that ultimately leads to bone loss.
Women have a higher risk of osteoporosis than men. The world's data says that one in three women and one in five men at risk of osteoporosis.
The process of giving birth and breastfeeding is one cause of the decrease in calcium can lead to osteoporosis. Therefore, the baby will take calcium from mother's bones. Thus, if women do not get enough calcium, your bones porous and fragile, so easily broken.
In addition to the lack of calcium, osteoporosis can also be caused due to age, race, gender, estrogen deficiency (menopause), lack of vitamin D, as well as alcohol, smoking, and excessive dieting.
No doubt, the elderly is indeed the most vulnerable targets for osteoporosis. However, the symptoms are difficult to recognize in the early stages and does not cause complaints, make so many people do not take precautions against the disease. However, the real youth (before age 30) is the best time to prevent and equip themselves to stronger bones.
All About Osteoporosis
1. Postmenopausal Osteoporosis - Caused by lack of estrogen hormone that helps regulate the transport of calcium into the bones. Usually, occurs in women aged 51-75 years.
2. Osteoporosis Senile - Due to calcium deficiency thus causing an imbalance between bone destruction and formation of new bone. This disease usually occurs at the age of 70 years.
3. Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis is a kind of unknown cause. This is common in children and adults who have hormone levels and normal function and do not have an obvious cause of the fragility of the bones.
Did you know that women who reach the age of 80 years, experienced a 40% risk of spinal fractures?
Vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis are indeed the case that the most common. For that, there is no harm in making a diagnosis to determine bone density.
There are a series of checks that can be done. One of the easiest ways is a Bone Density Test (BDT). If you want to perform the examination with accurate you can do a DXA (Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry). Tests done within 5-15 minutes did not cause pain. DXA is very useful for those women who have a high risk of suffering from osteoporosis, patients whose diagnosis is uncertain, and that the results of treatment patients should be assessed accurately.
Osteoporosis Treatment To Get Your Healthy Bones
Here is a step in the prevention of osteoporosis which aims to maintain or increase bone density.
- Before reaching maximum bone density (around age 30), consume 1000-1200 mg of calcium per day.
- For middle-aged women, drink two glasses of milk and vitamin D supplements daily.
- Be diligent exercise like walking loads to increase bone density.
- Estrogen is taken together with progesterone, can help maintain bone density.
- The most effective estrogen replacement therapy begins in 4-6 years after menopause. However, if a new therapy conducted over 6 years after menopause, bone loss can still be slowed down and the risk of bone fractures can be reduced.
- Reduce consumption of caffeine and alcohol. Excessive calcium in the body is able to interfere with the absorption of calcium in the small intestine.